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Integrating Web Content with QtWebKit

QtWebKit provides a Web browser engine that makes it easy to embed content from the World Wide Web into your Qt application. At the same time Web content can be enhanced with native controls.

QtWebKit provides facilities for rendering of HyperText Markup Language (HTML), Extensible HyperText Markup Language (XHTML) and Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) documents, styled using Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and scripted with JavaScript.

A bridge between the JavaScript execution environment and the Qt object model makes it possible for custom QObjects to be scripted. Integration with the Qt networking module enables Web pages to be transparently loaded from Web servers, the local file system or even the Qt resource system.

In addition to providing pure rendering features, HTML documents can be made fully editable to the user through the use of the contenteditable attribute on HTML elements.

QtWebKit is based on the Open Source WebKit engine. More information about WebKit itself can be found on the WebKit Open Source Project Web site.

The QtWebKit module is part of the Qt Full Framework Edition, and the Open Source Versions of Qt.

Note: Building the QtWebKit module with debugging symbols is problematic on many platforms due to the size of the WebKit engine. We recommend building the module only in release mode for embedded platforms. Currently QtWebKit will always be compiled without debugging symbols when using gcc. Take a look at the last lines of src/3rdparty/webkit/WebCore/WebCore.pro if you need to change this.

Note: Web site icons, also known as "FavIcons", are currently not supported on Windows. We plan to address this in a future release.

Note: WebKit has certain minimum requirements that must be met on Embedded Linux systems. See the Qt for Embedded Linux Requirements document for more information.

Topics:

Architecture

The easiest way to render content is through the QWebView class. As a widget it can be embedded into your forms or a graphics view, and it provides convenience functions for downloading and rendering web sites.

     QWebView *view = new QWebView(parent);
     view->load(QUrl("http://qt.nokia.com/"));
     view->show();

QWebView is used to view Web pages. An instance of QWebView has one QWebPage. QWebPage provides access to the document structure in a page, describing features such as frames, the navigation history, and the undo/redo stack for editable content.

HTML documents can be nested using frames in a frameset. An individual frame in HTML is represented using the QWebFrame class. This class includes the bridge to the JavaScript window object and can be painted using QPainter. Each QWebPage has one QWebFrame object as its main frame, and the main frame may contain many child frames.

Individual elements of an HTML document can be accessed via DOM JavaScript interfaces from within a web page. The equivalent of this API in QtWebKit is represented by QWebElement. QWebElement objects are obtained using QWebFrame's findAllElements() and findFirstElement() functions with CSS selector queries.

Common web browser features, defaults and other settings can be configured through the QWebSettings class. It is possible to provide defaults for all QWebPage instances through the default settings. Individual attributes can be overidden by the page specific settings object.

Netscape Plugin Support

Note: Netscape plugin support is only available on desktop platforms.

Since WebKit supports the Netscape Plugin API, Qt applications can display Web pages that embed common plugins on platforms for which those plugins are available. To enable plugin support, the user must have the appropriate binary files for those plugins installed and the QWebSettings::PluginsEnabled attribute must be enabled for the application.

The following locations are searched for plugins:

Linux/Unix (X11)Windows
  • .mozilla/plugins in the user's home directory
  • .netscape/plugins in the user's home directory
  • System locations, such as
    • /usr/lib/browser/plugins
    • /usr/local/lib/mozilla/plugins
    • /usr/lib/firefox/plugins
    • /usr/lib64/browser-plugins
    • /usr/lib/browser-plugins
    • /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins
    • /usr/local/netscape/plugins
    • /opt/mozilla/plugins
    • /opt/mozilla/lib/plugins
    • /opt/netscape/plugins
    • /opt/netscape/communicator/plugins
    • /usr/lib/netscape/plugins
    • /usr/lib/netscape/plugins-libc5
    • /usr/lib/netscape/plugins-libc6
    • /usr/lib64/netscape/plugins
    • /usr/lib64/mozilla/plugins
  • Locations specified by environment variables:
    • $MOZILLA_HOME/plugins
    • $MOZ_PLUGIN_PATH
    • $QTWEBKIT_PLUGIN_PATH
  • The user's Application Data\Mozilla\plugins directory
  • Standard system locations of plugins for Quicktime, Flash, etc.
Mac OS X
  • Library/Internet Plug-Ins in the user's home directory
  • The system /Library/Internet Plug-Ins directory


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Qt 4.6.3