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QDir Class Reference
[QtCore module]

The QDir class provides access to directory structures and their contents. More...

 #include <QDir>

Note: All functions in this class are reentrant.


Public Types

enum Filter { Dirs, AllDirs, Files, Drives, ..., CaseSensitive }
typedef FilterSpec
flags Filters
enum SortFlag { Name, Time, Size, Type, ..., LocaleAware }
flags SortFlags
typedef SortSpec

Public Functions

QDir ( const QDir & dir )
QDir ( const QString & path = QString() )
QDir ( const QString & path, const QString & nameFilter, SortFlags sort = SortFlags( Name | IgnoreCase ), Filters filters = AllEntries )
~QDir ()
QString absoluteFilePath ( const QString & fileName ) const
QString absolutePath () const
QString canonicalPath () const
bool cd ( const QString & dirName )
bool cdUp ()
uint count () const
QString dirName () const
QFileInfoList entryInfoList ( const QStringList & nameFilters, Filters filters = NoFilter, SortFlags sort = NoSort ) const
QFileInfoList entryInfoList ( Filters filters = NoFilter, SortFlags sort = NoSort ) const
QStringList entryList ( const QStringList & nameFilters, Filters filters = NoFilter, SortFlags sort = NoSort ) const
QStringList entryList ( Filters filters = NoFilter, SortFlags sort = NoSort ) const
bool exists ( const QString & name ) const
bool exists () const
QString filePath ( const QString & fileName ) const
Filters filter () const
bool isAbsolute () const
bool isReadable () const
bool isRelative () const
bool isRoot () const
bool makeAbsolute ()
bool mkdir ( const QString & dirName ) const
bool mkpath ( const QString & dirPath ) const
QStringList nameFilters () const
QString path () const
void refresh () const
QString relativeFilePath ( const QString & fileName ) const
bool remove ( const QString & fileName )
bool rename ( const QString & oldName, const QString & newName )
bool rmdir ( const QString & dirName ) const
bool rmpath ( const QString & dirPath ) const
void setFilter ( Filters filters )
void setNameFilters ( const QStringList & nameFilters )
void setPath ( const QString & path )
void setSorting ( SortFlags sort )
SortFlags sorting () const
bool operator!= ( const QDir & dir ) const
QDir & operator= ( const QDir & dir )
bool operator== ( const QDir & dir ) const
QString operator[] ( int pos ) const

Static Public Members

void addSearchPath ( const QString & prefix, const QString & path )
QString cleanPath ( const QString & path )
QDir current ()
QString currentPath ()
QFileInfoList drives ()
QString fromNativeSeparators ( const QString & pathName )
QDir home ()
QString homePath ()
bool isAbsolutePath ( const QString & path )
bool isRelativePath ( const QString & path )
bool match ( const QString & filter, const QString & fileName )
bool match ( const QStringList & filters, const QString & fileName )
QDir root ()
QString rootPath ()
QStringList searchPaths ( const QString & prefix )
QChar separator ()
bool setCurrent ( const QString & path )
void setSearchPaths ( const QString & prefix, const QStringList & searchPaths )
QDir temp ()
QString tempPath ()
QString toNativeSeparators ( const QString & pathName )

Macros

void Q_CLEANUP_RESOURCE ( name )
void Q_INIT_RESOURCE ( name )

Detailed Description

The QDir class provides access to directory structures and their contents.

A QDir is used to manipulate path names, access information regarding paths and files, and manipulate the underlying file system. It can also be used to access Qt's resource system.

Qt uses "/" as a universal directory separator in the same way that "/" is used as a path separator in URLs. If you always use "/" as a directory separator, Qt will translate your paths to conform to the underlying operating system.

A QDir can point to a file using either a relative or an absolute path. Absolute paths begin with the directory separator (optionally preceded by a drive specification under Windows). Relative file names begin with a directory name or a file name and specify a path relative to the current directory.

Examples of absolute paths:

 QDir("/home/user/Documents")
 QDir("C:/Documents and Settings")

On Windows, the second example above will be translated to C:\Documents and Settings when used to access files.

Examples of relative paths:

 QDir("images/landscape.png")

You can use the isRelative() or isAbsolute() functions to check if a QDir is using a relative or an absolute file path. Call makeAbsolute() to convert a relative QDir to an absolute one.

Navigation and Directory Operations

A directory's path can be obtained with the path() function, and a new path set with the setPath() function. The absolute path to a directory is found by calling absolutePath().

The name of a directory is found using the dirName() function. This typically returns the last element in the absolute path that specifies the location of the directory. However, it can also return "." if the QDir represents the current directory.

 QDir("Documents/Letters/Applications").dirName() // "Applications"
 QDir().dirName()                                 // "."

The path for a directory can also be changed with the cd() and cdUp() functions, both of which operate like familiar shell commands. When cd() is called with the name of an existing directory, the QDir object changes directory so that it represents that directory instead. The cdUp() function changes the directory of the QDir object so that it refers to its parent directory; i.e. cd("..") is equivalent to cdUp().

Directories can be created with mkdir(), renamed with rename(), and removed with rmdir().

You can test for the presence of a directory with a given name by using exists(), and the properties of a directory can be tested with isReadable(), isAbsolute(), isRelative(), and isRoot().

The refresh() function re-reads the directory's data from disk.

Files and Directory Contents

Directories contain a number of entries, representing files, directories, and symbolic links. The number of entries in a directory is returned by count(). A string list of the names of all the entries in a directory can be obtained with entryList(). If you need information about each entry, use entryInfoList() to obtain a list of QFileInfo objects.

Paths to files and directories within a directory can be constructed using filePath() and absoluteFilePath(). The filePath() function returns a path to the specified file or directory relative to the path of the QDir object; absoluteFilePath() returns an absolute path to the specified file or directory. Neither of these functions checks for the existence of files or directory; they only construct paths.

 QDir directory("Documents/Letters");
 QString path = directory.filePath("contents.txt");
 QString absolutePath = directory.absoluteFilePath("contents.txt");

Files can be removed by using the remove() function. Directories cannot be removed in the same way as files; use rmdir() to remove them instead.

It is possible to reduce the number of entries returned by entryList() and entryInfoList() by applying filters to a QDir object. You can apply a name filter to specify a pattern with wildcards that file names need to match, an attribute filter that selects properties of entries and can distinguish between files and directories, and a sort order.

Name filters are lists of strings that are passed to setNameFilters(). Attribute filters consist of a bitwise OR combination of Filters, and these are specified when calling setFilter(). The sort order is specified using setSorting() with a bitwise OR combination of SortFlags.

You can test to see if a filename matches a filter using the match() function.

Filter and sort order flags may also be specified when calling entryList() and entryInfoList() in order to override previously defined behavior.

The Current Directory and Other Special Paths

Access to some common directories is provided with a number of static functions that return QDir objects. There are also corresponding functions for these that return strings:

QDirQStringReturn Value
current()currentPath()The application's working directory
home()homePath()The user's home directory
root()rootPath()The root directory
temp()tempPath()The system's temporary directory

The setCurrent() static function can also be used to set the application's working directory.

If you want to find the directory containing the application's executable, see QCoreApplication::applicationDirPath().

The drives() static function provides a list of root directories for each device that contains a filing system. On Unix systems this returns a list containing a single root directory "/"; on Windows the list will usually contain C:/, and possibly other drive letters such as D:/, depending on the configuration of the user's system.

Path Manipulation and Strings

Paths containing "." elements that reference the current directory at that point in the path, ".." elements that reference the parent directory, and symbolic links can be reduced to a canonical form using the canonicalPath() function.

Paths can also be simplified by using cleanPath() to remove redundant "/" and ".." elements.

It is sometimes necessary to be able to show a path in the native representation for the user's platform. The static toNativeSeparators() function returns a copy of the specified path in which each directory separator is replaced by the appropriate separator for the underlying operating system.

Examples

Check if a directory exists:

 QDir dir("example");
 if (!dir.exists())
     qWarning("Cannot find the example directory");

(We could also use the static convenience function QFile::exists().)

Traversing directories and reading a file:

 QDir dir = QDir::root();                 // "/"
 if (!dir.cd("tmp")) {                    // "/tmp"
     qWarning("Cannot find the \"/tmp\" directory");
 } else {
     QFile file(dir.filePath("ex1.txt")); // "/tmp/ex1.txt"
     if (!file.open(QIODevice::ReadWrite))
         qWarning("Cannot create the file %s", file.name());
 }

A program that lists all the files in the current directory (excluding symbolic links), sorted by size, smallest first:

 #include <QDir>
 #include <iostream>

 int main(int argc, char *argv[])
 {
     QCoreApplication app(argc, argv);
     QDir dir;
     dir.setFilter(QDir::Files | QDir::Hidden | QDir::NoSymLinks);
     dir.setSorting(QDir::Size | QDir::Reversed);

     QFileInfoList list = dir.entryInfoList();
     std::cout << "     Bytes Filename" << std::endl;
     for (int i = 0; i < list.size(); ++i) {
         QFileInfo fileInfo = list.at(i);
         std::cout << qPrintable(QString("%1 %2").arg(fileInfo.size(), 10)
                                                 .arg(fileInfo.fileName()));
         std::cout << std::endl;
     }
     return 0;
 }

See also QFileInfo, QFile, QFileDialog, QApplication::applicationDirPath(), and Find Files Example.


Member Type Documentation

enum QDir::Filter
flags QDir::Filters

This enum describes the filtering options available to QDir; e.g. for entryList() and entryInfoList(). The filter value is specified by combining values from the following list using the bitwise OR operator:

ConstantValueDescription
QDir::Dirs0x001List directories that match the filters.
QDir::AllDirs0x400List all directories; i.e. don't apply the filters to directory names.
QDir::Files0x002List files.
QDir::Drives0x004List disk drives (ignored under Unix).
QDir::NoSymLinks0x008Do not list symbolic links (ignored by operating systems that don't support symbolic links).
QDir::NoDotAndDotDot0x1000Do not list the special entries "." and "..".
QDir::AllEntriesDirs | Files | DrivesList directories, files, drives and symlinks (this does not list broken symlinks unless you specify System).
QDir::Readable0x010List files for which the application has read access. The Readable value needs to be combined with Dirs or Files.
QDir::Writable0x020List files for which the application has write access. The Writable value needs to be combined with Dirs or Files.
QDir::Executable0x040List files for which the application has execute access. The Executable value needs to be combined with Dirs or Files.
QDir::Modified0x080Only list files that have been modified (ignored on Unix).
QDir::Hidden0x100List hidden files (on Unix, files starting with a ".").
QDir::System0x200List system files (on Unix, FIFOs, sockets and device files are included; on Windows, .lnk files are included)
QDir::CaseSensitive0x800The filter should be case sensitive.

Functions that use Filter enum values to filter lists of files and directories will include symbolic links to files and directories unless you set the NoSymLinks value.

A default constructed QDir will not filter out files based on their permissions, so entryList() and entryInfoList() will return all files that are readable, writable, executable, or any combination of the three. This makes the default easy to write, and at the same time useful.

For example, setting the Readable, Writable, and Files flags allows all files to be listed for which the application has read access, write access or both. If the Dirs and Drives flags are also included in this combination then all drives, directories, all files that the application can read, write, or execute, and symlinks to such files/directories can be listed.

To retrieve the permissons for a directory, use the entryInfoList() function to get the associated QFileInfo objects and then use the QFileInfo::permissons() to obtain the permissions and ownership for each file.

The Filters type is a typedef for QFlags<Filter>. It stores an OR combination of Filter values.

typedef QDir::FilterSpec

Use QDir::Filters instead.

enum QDir::SortFlag
flags QDir::SortFlags

This enum describes the sort options available to QDir, e.g. for entryList() and entryInfoList(). The sort value is specified by OR-ing together values from the following list:

ConstantValueDescription
QDir::Name0x00Sort by name.
QDir::Time0x01Sort by time (modification time).
QDir::Size0x02Sort by file size.
QDir::Type0x80Sort by file type (extension).
QDir::Unsorted0x03Do not sort.
QDir::NoSort-1Not sorted by default.
QDir::DirsFirst0x04Put the directories first, then the files.
QDir::DirsLast0x20Put the files first, then the directories.
QDir::Reversed0x08Reverse the sort order.
QDir::IgnoreCase0x10Sort case-insensitively.
QDir::LocaleAware0x40Sort items appropriately using the current locale settings.

You can only specify one of the first four.

If you specify both DirsFirst and Reversed, directories are still put first, but in reverse order; the files will be listed after the directories, again in reverse order.

The SortFlags type is a typedef for QFlags<SortFlag>. It stores an OR combination of SortFlag values.

typedef QDir::SortSpec

Use QDir::SortFlags instead.


Member Function Documentation

QDir::QDir ( const QDir & dir )

Constructs a QDir object that is a copy of the QDir object for directory dir.

See also operator=().

QDir::QDir ( const QString & path = QString() )

Constructs a QDir pointing to the given directory path. If path is empty the program's working directory, ("."), is used.

See also currentPath().

QDir::QDir ( const QString & path, const QString & nameFilter, SortFlags sort = SortFlags( Name | IgnoreCase ), Filters filters = AllEntries )

Constructs a QDir with path path, that filters its entries by name using nameFilter and by attributes using filters. It also sorts the names using sort.

The default nameFilter is an empty string, which excludes nothing; the default filters is AllEntries, which also means exclude nothing. The default sort is Name | IgnoreCase, i.e. sort by name case-insensitively.

If path is an empty string, QDir uses "." (the current directory). If nameFilter is an empty string, QDir uses the name filter "*" (all files).

Note that path need not exist.

See also exists(), setPath(), setNameFilter(), setFilter(), and setSorting().

QDir::~QDir ()

Destroys the QDir object frees up its resources. This has no effect on the underlying directory in the file system.

QString QDir::absoluteFilePath ( const QString & fileName ) const

Returns the absolute path name of a file in the directory. Does not check if the file actually exists in the directory; but see exists(). Redundant multiple separators or "." and ".." directories in fileName are not removed (see cleanPath()).

See also relativeFilePath(), filePath(), and canonicalPath().

QString QDir::absolutePath () const

Returns the absolute path (a path that starts with "/" or with a drive specification), which may contain symbolic links, but never contains redundant ".", ".." or multiple separators.

See also setPath(), canonicalPath(), exists(), cleanPath(), dirName(), and absoluteFilePath().

void QDir::addSearchPath ( const QString & prefix, const QString & path )   [static]

Adds path to the search path for prefix.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.3.

See also setSearchPaths().

QString QDir::canonicalPath () const

Returns the canonical path, i.e. a path without symbolic links or redundant "." or ".." elements.

On systems that do not have symbolic links this function will always return the same string that absolutePath() returns. If the canonical path does not exist (normally due to dangling symbolic links) canonicalPath() returns an empty string.

Example:

 QString bin = "/local/bin";         // where /local/bin is a symlink to /usr/bin
 QDir binDir(bin);
 QString canonicalBin = binDir.canonicalPath();
 // canonicalBin now equals "/usr/bin"

 QString ls = "/local/bin/ls";       // where ls is the executable "ls"
 QDir lsDir(ls);
 QString canonicalLs = lsDir.canonicalPath();
 // canonicalLS now equals "/usr/bin/ls".

See also path(), absolutePath(), exists(), cleanPath(), dirName(), and absoluteFilePath().

bool QDir::cd ( const QString & dirName )

Changes the QDir's directory to dirName.

Returns true if the new directory exists and is readable; otherwise returns false. Note that the logical cd() operation is not performed if the new directory does not exist.

Calling cd("..") is equivalent to calling cdUp().

See also cdUp(), isReadable(), exists(), and path().

bool QDir::cdUp ()

Changes directory by moving one directory up from the QDir's current directory.

Returns true if the new directory exists and is readable; otherwise returns false. Note that the logical cdUp() operation is not performed if the new directory does not exist.

See also cd(), isReadable(), exists(), and path().

QString QDir::cleanPath ( const QString & path )   [static]

Removes all multiple directory separators "/" and resolves any "."s or ".."s found in the path, path.

Symbolic links are kept. This function does not return the canonical path, but rather the simplest version of the input. For example, "./local" becomes "local", "local/../bin" becomes "bin" and "/local/usr/../bin" becomes "/local/bin".

See also absolutePath() and canonicalPath().

uint QDir::count () const

Returns the total number of directories and files in the directory.

Equivalent to entryList().count().

See also operator[]() and entryList().

QDir QDir::current ()   [static]

Returns the application's current directory.

The directory is constructed using the absolute path of the current directory, ensuring that its path() will be the same as its absolutePath().

See also setCurrent(), currentPath(), home(), root(), and temp().

QString QDir::currentPath ()   [static]

Returns the absolute path of the application's current directory.

See also current(), homePath(), rootPath(), and tempPath().

QString QDir::dirName () const

Returns the name of the directory; this is not the same as the path, e.g. a directory with the name "mail", might have the path "/var/spool/mail". If the directory has no name (e.g. it is the root directory) an empty string is returned.

No check is made to ensure that a directory with this name actually exists; but see exists().

See also path(), filePath(), absolutePath(), and absoluteFilePath().

QFileInfoList QDir::drives ()   [static]

Returns a list of the root directories on this system.

On Windows this returns a list of QFileInfo objects containing "C:/", "D:/", etc. On other operating systems, it returns a list containing just one root directory (i.e. "/").

See also root() and rootPath().

QFileInfoList QDir::entryInfoList ( const QStringList & nameFilters, Filters filters = NoFilter, SortFlags sort = NoSort ) const

Returns a list of QFileInfo objects for all the files and directories in the directory, ordered according to the name and attribute filters previously set with setNameFilters() and setFilter(), and sorted according to the flags set with setSorting().

The name filter, file attribute filter, and sorting specification can be overridden using the nameFilters, filters, and sort arguments.

Returns an empty list if the directory is unreadable, does not exist, or if nothing matches the specification.

See also entryList(), setNameFilters(), setSorting(), setFilter(), isReadable(), and exists().

QFileInfoList QDir::entryInfoList ( Filters filters = NoFilter, SortFlags sort = NoSort ) const

This is an overloaded function.

Returns a list of QFileInfo objects for all the files and directories in the directory, ordered according to the name and attribute filters previously set with setNameFilters() and setFilter(), and sorted according to the flags set with setSorting().

The attribute filter and sorting specifications can be overridden using the filters and sort arguments.

Returns an empty list if the directory is unreadable, does not exist, or if nothing matches the specification.

See also entryList(), setNameFilters(), setSorting(), setFilter(), isReadable(), and exists().

QStringList QDir::entryList ( const QStringList & nameFilters, Filters filters = NoFilter, SortFlags sort = NoSort ) const

Returns a list of the names of all the files and directories in the directory, ordered according to the name and attribute filters previously set with setNameFilters() and setFilter(), and sorted according to the flags set with setSorting().

The name filter, file attribute filter, and sorting specification can be overridden using the nameFilters, filters, and sort arguments.

Returns an empty list if the directory is unreadable, does not exist, or if nothing matches the specification.

See also entryInfoList(), setNameFilters(), setSorting(), and setFilter().

QStringList QDir::entryList ( Filters filters = NoFilter, SortFlags sort = NoSort ) const

This is an overloaded function.

Returns a list of the names of all the files and directories in the directory, ordered according to the name and attribute filters previously set with setNameFilters() and setFilter(), and sorted according to the flags set with setSorting().

The attribute filter and sorting specifications can be overridden using the filters and sort arguments.

Returns an empty list if the directory is unreadable, does not exist, or if nothing matches the specification.

Note: To list symlinks that point to non existing files, System must be passed to the filter.

See also entryInfoList(), setNameFilters(), setSorting(), and setFilter().

bool QDir::exists ( const QString & name ) const

Returns true if the file called name exists; otherwise returns false.

Unless name contains an absolute file path, the file name is assumed to be relative to the directory itself, so this function is typically used to check for the presence of files within a directory.

See also QFileInfo::exists() and QFile::exists().

bool QDir::exists () const

This is an overloaded function.

Returns true if the directory exists; otherwise returns false. (If a file with the same name is found this function will return false).

The overload of this function that accepts an argument is used to test for the presence of files and directories within a directory.

See also QFileInfo::exists() and QFile::exists().

QString QDir::filePath ( const QString & fileName ) const

Returns the path name of a file in the directory. Does not check if the file actually exists in the directory; but see exists(). If the QDir is relative the returned path name will also be relative. Redundant multiple separators or "." and ".." directories in fileName are not removed (see cleanPath()).

See also dirName(), absoluteFilePath(), isRelative(), and canonicalPath().

Filters QDir::filter () const

Returns the value set by setFilter()

See also setFilter().

QString QDir::fromNativeSeparators ( const QString & pathName )   [static]

Returns pathName using '/' as file separator. On Windows, for instance, fromNativeSeparators("c:\\winnt\\system32") returns "c:/winnt/system32".

The returned string may be the same as the argument on some operating systems, for example on Unix.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.2.

See also toNativeSeparators() and separator().

QDir QDir::home ()   [static]

Returns the user's home directory.

The directory is constructed using the absolute path of the home directory, ensuring that its path() will be the same as its absolutePath().

See homePath() for details.

See also drives(), current(), root(), and temp().

QString QDir::homePath ()   [static]

Returns the absolute path of the user's home directory.

Under Windows this function will return the directory of the current user's profile. Typically, this is:

 C:/Documents and Settings/Username

Use the toNativeSeparators() function to convert the separators to the ones that are appropriate for the underlying operating system.

If the directory of the current user's profile does not exist or cannot be retrieved, the following alternatives will be checked (in the given order) until an existing and available path is found:

  1. The path specified by the USERPROFILE environment variable.
  2. The path formed by concatenating the HOMEDRIVE and HOMEPATH environment variables.
  3. The path specified by the HOME environment variable.
  4. The path returned by the rootPath() function (which uses the SystemDrive environment variable)
  5. The C:/ directory.

Under non-Windows operating systems the HOME environment variable is used if it exists, otherwise the path returned by the rootPath(). On Symbian always the same as the path returned by the rootPath().

See also home(), currentPath(), rootPath(), and tempPath().

bool QDir::isAbsolute () const

Returns true if the directory's path is absolute; otherwise returns false. See isAbsolutePath().

See also isRelative(), makeAbsolute(), and cleanPath().

bool QDir::isAbsolutePath ( const QString & path )   [static]

Returns true if path is absolute; returns false if it is relative.

See also isAbsolute(), isRelativePath(), makeAbsolute(), and cleanPath().

bool QDir::isReadable () const

Returns true if the directory is readable and we can open files by name; otherwise returns false.

Warning: A false value from this function is not a guarantee that files in the directory are not accessible.

See also QFileInfo::isReadable().

bool QDir::isRelative () const

Returns true if the directory path is relative; otherwise returns false. (Under Unix a path is relative if it does not start with a "/").

See also makeAbsolute(), isAbsolute(), isAbsolutePath(), and cleanPath().

bool QDir::isRelativePath ( const QString & path )   [static]

Returns true if path is relative; returns false if it is absolute.

See also isRelative(), isAbsolutePath(), and makeAbsolute().

bool QDir::isRoot () const

Returns true if the directory is the root directory; otherwise returns false.

Note: If the directory is a symbolic link to the root directory this function returns false. If you want to test for this use canonicalPath(), e.g.

 QDir dir("/tmp/root_link");
 dir = dir.canonicalPath();
 if (dir.isRoot())
     qWarning("It is a root link");

See also root() and rootPath().

bool QDir::makeAbsolute ()

Converts the directory path to an absolute path. If it is already absolute nothing happens. Returns true if the conversion succeeded; otherwise returns false.

See also isAbsolute(), isAbsolutePath(), isRelative(), and cleanPath().

bool QDir::match ( const QString & filter, const QString & fileName )   [static]

Returns true if the fileName matches the wildcard (glob) pattern filter; otherwise returns false. The filter may contain multiple patterns separated by spaces or semicolons. The matching is case insensitive.

See also QRegExp wildcard matching, QRegExp::exactMatch(), entryList(), and entryInfoList().

bool QDir::match ( const QStringList & filters, const QString & fileName )   [static]

This is an overloaded function.

Returns true if the fileName matches any of the wildcard (glob) patterns in the list of filters; otherwise returns false. The matching is case insensitive.

See also QRegExp wildcard matching, QRegExp::exactMatch(), entryList(), and entryInfoList().

bool QDir::mkdir ( const QString & dirName ) const

Creates a sub-directory called dirName.

Returns true on success; otherwise returns false.

See also rmdir().

bool QDir::mkpath ( const QString & dirPath ) const

Creates the directory path dirPath.

The function will create all parent directories necessary to create the directory.

Returns true if successful; otherwise returns false.

See also rmpath().

QStringList QDir::nameFilters () const

Returns the string list set by setNameFilters()

See also setNameFilters().

QString QDir::path () const

Returns the path. This may contain symbolic links, but never contains redundant ".", ".." or multiple separators.

The returned path can be either absolute or relative (see setPath()).

See also setPath(), absolutePath(), exists(), cleanPath(), dirName(), absoluteFilePath(), toNativeSeparators(), and makeAbsolute().

void QDir::refresh () const

Refreshes the directory information.

QString QDir::relativeFilePath ( const QString & fileName ) const

Returns the path to fileName relative to the directory.

 QDir dir("/home/bob");
 QString s;

 s = dir.relativeFilePath("images/file.jpg");     // s is "images/file.jpg"
 s = dir.relativeFilePath("/home/mary/file.txt"); // s is "../mary/file.txt"

See also absoluteFilePath(), filePath(), and canonicalPath().

bool QDir::remove ( const QString & fileName )

Removes the file, fileName.

Returns true if the file is removed successfully; otherwise returns false.

bool QDir::rename ( const QString & oldName, const QString & newName )

Renames a file or directory from oldName to newName, and returns true if successful; otherwise returns false.

On most file systems, rename() fails only if oldName does not exist, if newName and oldName are not on the same partition or if a file with the new name already exists. However, there are also other reasons why rename() can fail. For example, on at least one file system rename() fails if newName points to an open file.

bool QDir::rmdir ( const QString & dirName ) const

Removes the directory specified by dirName.

The directory must be empty for rmdir() to succeed.

Returns true if successful; otherwise returns false.

See also mkdir().

bool QDir::rmpath ( const QString & dirPath ) const

Removes the directory path dirPath.

The function will remove all parent directories in dirPath, provided that they are empty. This is the opposite of mkpath(dirPath).

Returns true if successful; otherwise returns false.

See also mkpath().

QDir QDir::root ()   [static]

Returns the root directory.

The directory is constructed using the absolute path of the root directory, ensuring that its path() will be the same as its absolutePath().

See rootPath() for details.

See also drives(), current(), home(), and temp().

QString QDir::rootPath ()   [static]

Returns the absolute path of the root directory.

For Unix operating systems this returns "/". For Windows file systems this normally returns "c:/". On Symbian this typically returns "c:/data", i.e. the same as native PathInfo::PhoneMemoryRootPath().

See also root(), drives(), currentPath(), homePath(), and tempPath().

QStringList QDir::searchPaths ( const QString & prefix )   [static]

Returns the search paths for prefix.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.3.

See also setSearchPaths() and addSearchPath().

QChar QDir::separator ()   [static]

Returns the native directory separator: "/" under Unix (including Mac OS X) and "\" under Windows.

You do not need to use this function to build file paths. If you always use "/", Qt will translate your paths to conform to the underlying operating system. If you want to display paths to the user using their operating system's separator use toNativeSeparators().

bool QDir::setCurrent ( const QString & path )   [static]

Sets the application's current working directory to path. Returns true if the directory was successfully changed; otherwise returns false.

See also current(), currentPath(), home(), root(), and temp().

void QDir::setFilter ( Filters filters )

Sets the filter used by entryList() and entryInfoList() to filters. The filter is used to specify the kind of files that should be returned by entryList() and entryInfoList(). See QDir::Filter.

See also filter() and setNameFilters().

void QDir::setNameFilters ( const QStringList & nameFilters )

Sets the name filters used by entryList() and entryInfoList() to the list of filters specified by nameFilters.

Each name filter is a wildcard (globbing) filter that understands * and ? wildcards. (See QRegExp wildcard matching.)

For example, the following code sets three name filters on a QDir to ensure that only files with extensions typically used for C++ source files are listed:

     QStringList filters;
     filters << "*.cpp" << "*.cxx" << "*.cc";
     dir.setNameFilters(filters);

See also nameFilters() and setFilter().

void QDir::setPath ( const QString & path )

Sets the path of the directory to path. The path is cleaned of redundant ".", ".." and of multiple separators. No check is made to see whether a directory with this path actually exists; but you can check for yourself using exists().

The path can be either absolute or relative. Absolute paths begin with the directory separator "/" (optionally preceded by a drive specification under Windows). Relative file names begin with a directory name or a file name and specify a path relative to the current directory. An example of an absolute path is the string "/tmp/quartz", a relative path might look like "src/fatlib".

See also path(), absolutePath(), exists(), cleanPath(), dirName(), absoluteFilePath(), isRelative(), and makeAbsolute().

void QDir::setSearchPaths ( const QString & prefix, const QStringList & searchPaths )   [static]

Sets or replaces Qt's search paths for file names with the prefix prefix to searchPaths.

To specify a prefix for a file name, prepend the prefix followed by a single colon (e.g., "images:undo.png", "xmldocs:books.xml"). prefix can only contain letters or numbers (e.g., it cannot contain a colon, nor a slash).

Qt uses this search path to locate files with a known prefix. The search path entries are tested in order, starting with the first entry.

 QDir::setSearchPaths("icons", QStringList(QDir::homePath() + "/images"));
 QDir::setSearchPaths("docs", QStringList(":/embeddedDocuments"));
 ...
 QPixmap pixmap("icons:undo.png"); // will look for undo.png in QDir::homePath() + "/images"
 QFile file("docs:design.odf"); // will look in the :/embeddedDocuments resource path

File name prefix must be at least 2 characters long to avoid conflicts with Windows drive letters.

Search paths may contain paths to The Qt Resource System.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.3.

See also searchPaths().

void QDir::setSorting ( SortFlags sort )

Sets the sort order used by entryList() and entryInfoList().

The sort is specified by OR-ing values from the enum QDir::SortFlag.

See also sorting() and SortFlag.

SortFlags QDir::sorting () const

Returns the value set by setSorting()

See also setSorting() and SortFlag.

QDir QDir::temp ()   [static]

Returns the system's temporary directory.

The directory is constructed using the absolute path of the temporary directory, ensuring that its path() will be the same as its absolutePath().

See tempPath() for details.

See also drives(), current(), home(), and root().

QString QDir::tempPath ()   [static]

Returns the absolute path of the system's temporary directory.

On Unix/Linux systems this is usually /tmp; on Windows this is usually the path in the TEMP or TMP environment variable. Whether a directory separator is added to the end or not, depends on the operating system.

See also temp(), currentPath(), homePath(), and rootPath().

QString QDir::toNativeSeparators ( const QString & pathName )   [static]

Returns pathName with the '/' separators converted to separators that are appropriate for the underlying operating system.

On Windows, toNativeSeparators("c:/winnt/system32") returns "c:\winnt\system32".

The returned string may be the same as the argument on some operating systems, for example on Unix.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.2.

See also fromNativeSeparators() and separator().

bool QDir::operator!= ( const QDir & dir ) const

Returns true if directory dir and this directory have different paths or different sort or filter settings; otherwise returns false.

Example:

 // The current directory is "/usr/local"
 QDir d1("/usr/local/bin");
 d1.setFilter(QDir::Executable);
 QDir d2("bin");
 if (d1 != d2)
     qDebug("They differ");

QDir & QDir::operator= ( const QDir & dir )

Makes a copy of the dir object and assigns it to this QDir object.

bool QDir::operator== ( const QDir & dir ) const

Returns true if directory dir and this directory have the same path and their sort and filter settings are the same; otherwise returns false.

Example:

 // The current directory is "/usr/local"
 QDir d1("/usr/local/bin");
 QDir d2("bin");
 if (d1 == d2)
     qDebug("They're the same");

QString QDir::operator[] ( int pos ) const

Returns the file name at position pos in the list of file names. Equivalent to entryList().at(index).

Returns an empty string if pos is out of range or if the entryList() function failed.

See also count() and entryList().


Macro Documentation

void Q_CLEANUP_RESOURCE ( name )

Unloads the resources specified by the .qrc file with the base name name.

Normally, Qt resources are unloaded automatically when the application terminates, but if the resources are located in a plugin that is being unloaded, call Q_CLEANUP_RESOURCE() to force removal of your resources.

Note: This macro cannot be used in a namespace. Please see the Q_INIT_RESOURCE documentation for a workaround.

Example:

 Q_CLEANUP_RESOURCE(myapp);

This function was introduced in Qt 4.1.

See also Q_INIT_RESOURCE() and The Qt Resource System.

void Q_INIT_RESOURCE ( name )

Initializes the resources specified by the .qrc file with the specified base name. Normally, Qt resources are loaded automatically at startup. The Q_INIT_RESOURCE() macro is necessary on some platforms for resources stored in a static library.

For example, if your application's resources are listed in a file called myapp.qrc, you can ensure that the resources are initialized at startup by adding this line to your main() function:

 Q_INIT_RESOURCE(myapp);

If the file name contains characters that cannot be part of a valid C++ function name (such as '-'), they have to be replaced by the underscore character ('_').

Note: This macro cannot be used in a namespace. It should be called from main(). If that is not possible, the following workaround can be used to init the resource myapp from the function MyNamespace::myFunction:

 inline void initMyResource() { Q_INIT_RESOURCE(myapp); }

 namespace MyNamespace
 {
     ...

     void myFunction()
     {
         initMyResource();
     }
 }

See also Q_CLEANUP_RESOURCE() and The Qt Resource System.


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Qt 4.6.3